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  • Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal Richelieu
1607 Bishop
1616 Secretary of State
1622 Cardinal
1624-1642 Chief Minister
  • Jules Cardinal Mazarin
1641 Cardinal
1642-1661 Chief Minister


Secretaries of State first appeared in 1547 under the reign of Henri II, but only gained in importance from 1588 on. The various secretaries of state were from that point on considered part of the Great Officers of the Crown of France.

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